About Rosemary

About Rosemary

 About Rosemary
 

About Rosemary Leaves

Its scientific name is Rosmarinus Officinali and comes from the Latin name Rosmarinus (dew of the sea). Rosemary is part of the Labiatae family, characteristically grouped as mint herbs. It is a shrubby herb, with evergreen leaves of about one inch long. It comes with a particularly camphoraceous, aromatic smell and its flowers are pale blue in shade and color. Rosemary is said to grow for more than thirty years, and raises up to the height of the Crucifix of Jesus Christ, and will only wither until then.

Properties of Rosemary Leaves
Rosemary is considered is a restorative herb that is known to relieve spasm and stimulates the gall bladder and liver. The plant�s composition has a tannic acid and an oil containing bornyl acetate and esters, which is similar to whatis found in camphene (camphor).It also contains acids (phenolic rosmarinic), carsonol and rosmanol which have bitter diterpenes and tripernes. Its essential oil comprises 1.8 cineole, camphor, borneol, iso-bornyl acetate, 3-octanonem terpineol, verbinol, limonene and b-pinene.

History and Use of Rosemary

At present, rosemary is used for many different purposes:

Growing and Cultivation of Rosemary
Rosemary comes from seeds and is propagated through cutting, layering and dividing its roots. The seeds are first sown in a warm sunny place. When it has grown, it will be cut and removed into a slightly shaded area, preferably in a hand-glass. Its roots should be ripe for transplanting sometime autumn. And by summertime, it should be ready for layering under a sandy soil.

Rosemary that grows from seeds result in germination that is low. However, it is easy to propagate by cutting, once it has grown to a size similar to a stock plant. In some cases, the roots will sprout even on a water glass placed by a well-lit windowsill. The best time to do cuttings is usually during autumn season.

Rosemary Cutting

  1. Clip about 2 to 2 1/2 inch stem
  2. Snip the leaves on the lower part. Do not pull them off.
  3. Dip the end about 1/4 inch in a rooting powder
  4. Place this in a container that has peat moss and perlite in equal amounts.
  5. Don't forget to spray the cuttings everyday, especially on hot sunny days.

The rosemary root should sprout in two to three weeks thereafter. Once the roots come out, rosemary can be then transplanted to pots of about 3 1/2 inches deep. To encourage branching, the top bud must be pinched.

Taking care of the Rosemary herb plant

Rosemary lives on dry soil, under a good source of light but with a slightly sheltered surrounding. These plants normally need six to eight hours of sun daily. If these plants are cultivated on chalk soil, they may grow more fragrant. Essentially, they also require a good drainage system as this keeps the roots cool, but does not drown it in the sand. To achieve good drainage, soil must be lightened up prior to transport of the rosemary. In many southern climates, the ground is mulched first to prepare good drainage.

If there is a good number of a rosemary plant in your nursery, you may feed them with liquid fertilizer (if possible, kelp-based ones).

During cold seasons, it is recommended that rosemary plants be brought indoors and placed in an area where there is adequate sunlight.

It is known as a plant that compliments well with carrots, cabbage, sage and beans as rosemary helps deter flies, beetles and moths and thereby protects other crops growing beside it.

 
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